Xanthorhiza simplicissima – It grows in the Appalachia. Its plentiful from West Virginia/Virginia south to Alabama. The USDA says it grows in a few places in NY and Maine. It has a well-known cousin called Golden Seal (Hydrastis canadensis). The southern yellow root if far gentler as a medicine than Golden Seal. Both are in a group of medicinal plants referred to as the “Berberines”. Barberry in the genus “Berberis” is another member of that group as well as the common landscaping shrub Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium). All 4 plants contain “Berberine”. The words of Tommie Bass… “Why partner, if I had to pick just one herb in the word good for the ulcers, it would be the yellow root. It’s the most wonderful thing in the world for stomach ulcers, ulcers in the mouth, and even those hernias you get in the chest. There just isn’t anything that it isn’t good for.” Yellow root was the corner stone of Tommie’s medicines. He used it to treat “a wide range of ailments such as liver disorders, blood pressure problems, diabetes and, of course, stomach ulcers. There were very few ailments for which yellow root was not the cure and at the very least it was an important ingredient in a variety of other tonics.” A close second to yellow root is the inner bark of the american persimmon tree (Diospyros virginiana). Not many folks know about all the uses for persimmon bark. I harvest yellow root in late summer/early fall. I don’t harvest the whole plant, no point, that kills the plant. I cut it off about an inch above the ground and it will put back up the next spring. I took these pics today. Yellow root is already blooming, a bit early I think.